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Food & Water Security

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Food & Water Security


Water security underpins food security as crops and livestock need water to grow. Agriculture and dairy are two major industries within the Great South Coast. Ensuring an adequate supply of quality water ensures the continued ability to support these industries as 70% of water consumption is for agricultural needs.

Food security is at its essence, access to healthy food and optimal nutrition. Food access is closely linked to food supply, so food security is dependent on a healthy and sustainable food system. The food system includes the production (agriculture), processing, distribution, marketing, affordability, and consumption of food. Food security for a location requires a region to not only produce healthy food, but also have it accessible to the community at affordable prices. Fewer people are choosing to farm (threatening production), food prices are rising (due to globalisation), and transport costs are rising due to an increase in fuel prices. Access to quality, nutritional food is becoming less affordable for those on marginal incomes (over-represented in the rural/regional areas).

Current Influences and key principles

While food production relies heavily on access to water, other factors such as the right governance frameworks, use of improved seeds and farming methods, post-harvest handling of crops, reliable and affordable energy, and government policies (agricultural subsidies and trade policies) all play a critical role in achieving food security. Climate change (floods/drought), bushfires and other disasters, as well as globalisation is impacting on food and water security. As the population expands, competition for land use between agriculture and urban planning will require careful leadership and regulation to ensure sustainability to meet future needs.

Policies Affecting Food & Water Security


Critical Indicators

Food Security Adult Population (%)
Estimated number of adults with adequate fruit intake

Supplemental Indicators

  • Adult Vegetable Consumption (%) who met guidelines (5 servers/day) – Victorian Population Health Survey
  • Food Insecurity: Adult Population who ran out of food in the last 12 months and could not afford to buy more – Victorian Population Health Survey
  • Oral health Risk Behaviour due to inadequate consumption of Fruits/Vegetables (%): Values
  • Oral health Risk Behaviour due to consumption of Sugar/Sweetened soft drinks (%): Values
  • Distance to local supermarket or convenience store – AUO
  • Average Distance to Closest Healthy Food Outlet – AUO
  • Percentage of dwellings without any food outlet within 3.2km - AUO

Potential Supporting Agencies and Partners

  • NFP sectors, particularly those involved in material aid & food programs, e.g., Food Share, Salvation Army, Anglicare, Brophy Child and Family Services, Bethany, church groups, etc.
  • Farmers’ health
  • Food stores
  • Great South Coast Food and Fibre
  • Wannon Water
  • Local government
  • Glenelg Hopkins Catchment Management Authority

Current Known Initiatives

Proposed Area(s) of Focus

  • Food & Water Security – Healthier, Affordable and Accessible
  • Addressing Local Workforce & Education Gaps for Young People
  • Small Town Immigration – Strengthens Diversity & Economies
  • Our Journey – For Better Transport Connections

Submission Form

If you have any information to add to this element, please submit it via the following form: